128520 11/2/2007 17:14 07USNATO587 Mission USNATO CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORN 07SECSTATE143745 VZCZCXRO6789 OO RUEHBC RUEHDBU RUEHDE RUEHDIR RUEHFL RUEHKUK RUEHLA RUEHMRE RUEHROV RUEHSR DE RUEHNO #0587/01 3061714 ZNY CCCCC ZZH O 021714Z NOV 07 FM USMISSION USNATO TO RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC IMMEDIATE RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 1330 INFO RUCNIRA/IRAN COLLECTIVE PRIORITY RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE PRIORITY RUCNOSC/ORG FOR SECURITY CO OP IN EUR COLLECTIVE PRIORITY RUEHUJA/AMEMBASSY ABUJA PRIORITY 0010 RUEHAR/AMEMBASSY ACCRA PRIORITY 0011 RUEHDS/AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA PRIORITY 0161 RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 0430 RUEHGB/AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD PRIORITY 0374 RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN PRIORITY 0637 RUEHSL/AMEMBASSY BRATISLAVA PRIORITY 4425 RUEHBS/AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS PRIORITY 6395 RUEHBM/AMEMBASSY BUCHAREST PRIORITY 2397 RUEHCP/AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN PRIORITY 0501 RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD PRIORITY 0377 RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0714 RUEHKH/AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM PRIORITY 0240 RUEHLI/AMEMBASSY LISBON PRIORITY 0419 RUEHLJ/AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA PRIORITY 1115 RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 0275 RUEHMD/AMEMBASSY MADRID PRIORITY 0688 RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 5788 RUEHNR/AMEMBASSY NAIROBI PRIORITY 0062 RUEHNY/AMEMBASSY OSLO PRIORITY 0582 RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA PRIORITY 0496 RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 0374 RUEHRK/AMEMBASSY REYKJAVIK PRIORITY 0040 RUEHRA/AMEMBASSY RIGA PRIORITY 7114 RUEHRO/AMEMBASSY ROME PRIORITY 0612 RUEHVJ/AMEMBASSY SARAJEVO PRIORITY 0098 RUEHSF/AMEMBASSY SOFIA PRIORITY 2372 RUEHTC/AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE PRIORITY 0945 RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 0488 C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 07 USNATO 000587
E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/02/2017 TAGS: NATO, PREL, AF SUBJECT: NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL READOUT - OCTOBER 31, 2007
REF: A: SECSTATE 143745
Classified By: CDA Richard G. Olson for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d)
1. (C/NF) Summary from the NAC Meeting:
-- Afghanistan: The SYG commended the good discussions on Afghanistan at last week's informal defense ministerial at Noordwijk and at this week's informal SYG coffee with PermReps. He also noted SACEUR,s recent letter regarding the strains placed on ISAF,s transportation capabilities by frequent visitors from capitals. The International Military Staff,s intelligence update on Afghanistan noted that OMF are expected to conduct a final surge in RC-South and East before the winter lull.
Ambassador Nuland, noting that the NAC's focus on Afghanistan suggests a need to address Afghanistan more comprehensively, asked that future briefings to the NAC cover operational, intel, and political elements each week. She also requested information on Iranian activities in Afghanistan, saying that she would also look at the possibility of bringing a U.S. briefer to the NAC on the topic.
Other PermReps raised various issues regarding Afghanistan, including commercial projects, the Comprehensive Strategic Plan, the state of NATO,s Information Operations strategy, resources and counternarcotics. The Danish PermRep announced that last week the Danish parliament approved an increase in the Danish contingent by a tank platoon to reinforce its forces in Helmand. The SYG also reminded PermReps that no candidates have yet been nominated for the NATO Senior Civilian Representative position in Kabul, which will become vacant in December, and noted the need for a uniform approach on investigations into reports of civilian casualties.
-- Balkans: The NAC received an update on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina and supported the proposal that the SYG issue a statement in support of the High Representative. Ambassador Nuland reported the U.S. will deploy additional reserve assets to Kosovo for the upcoming election period and conclusion of the Troika negotiations.
-- Darfur: The SYG reported on a meeting in Brussels on October 22, between DASG Jochems and AU Commissioner Djinnit in which they discussed NATO,s cooperation with the AU. Djinnit reaffirmed the AU,s desire to develop the NATO-AU relationship. Djinnit said the AU would request NATO airlift for operations and NATO support for AU capacity building. NATO is on schedule to complete the full AU airlift into Darfur by 31 December.
-- Iraq: The SYG noted the NATO Training Mission - Iraq (NTM-I) 2007 Periodic Mission Review (PMR) has been released and the Policy Coordination Group will meet on November 9 to discuss it. The Italian PermRep announced that the
USNATO 00000587 002 OF 007
Carabinieri-type training at Camp Dublin commenced on October 27 with 450 members of the Iraqi National Police Quick Reaction Force participating. Ambassador Nuland reported that NTM-I has been lauded by the Iraqi Government, and on another note, highlighted that on October 29, Karbala became the eighth province to transition to Iraqi control.
-- Response to Terrorism: Turkish PermRep Ildem offered an update on Turkey's fight against terrorism on the border with northern Iraq, and further noted that Turkey had been disappointed by the outcome of a meeting in Ankara last week with senior Iraqi officials, but remained hopeful that diplomatic efforts will result in progress. Ambassador Nuland and other PermReps spoke in support of Turkey, while praising Turkish restraint to date.
-- AOB: Ambassador Nuland refuted a statement made by the Russian delegation at the September 26 NATO-Russia Council meeting that Russian bomber flights carried out over U.S., UK, Icelandic, Danish, and Baltic air space were similar to exercises undertaken by the United States. The Romanian PermRep said Bucharest would be formally requesting NATO early warning and air policing support for the Summit itwill host next April.
2. (C/NF) The SYG said NATO defense ministers had had good discussion on Afghanistan at the informal NATO Defense Ministerial at Noordwijk as had PermReps at their October 30 informal coffee. He also noted SACEUR,s recent letter regarding the strains placed on ISAF,s transportation capabilities by frequent visitors from capitals. The Chairman of the Military Committee (CMC) said that the Military Committee welcomes the Noordwijk decision to develop a Comprehensive Strategic Plan for Afghanistan, commenting that it should help to synchronize efforts and strengthen top-down planning. While the paper will be developed on the political side, the MC welcomes the opportunity to provide input as requested.
3. (C/NF) International Military Staff Director for Intelligence Laino briefed the NAC that overall activities are up since the last report, as a result of ISAF operations. Opposing Militant Forces (OMF) are expected to conduct a final surge in RC-South and East before the winter lull. In RC-North, the situation is stable but not calm. In RC-West, increased OMF attacks are possible as ISAF operations target OMF in Badghis, while in RC-South OMF are active in Oruzgan and in the Musa Qala area. In RC-East there is an increase in OMF activities, particularly IEDs and indirect attacks, as well as clashes between Taliban and HiG. Operation PAMIR,
USNATO 00000587 003 OF 007
which seeks to link security and development, is ongoing -- information Ops are key to dividing the OMF from the people.
4. (C/NF) In Pakistan, there have been significant militant attacks in the FATA and Pakistani military tactical failures. The Pakistan military has been forced into a reactive posture, and clashes are now spilling into Swat and Waziristan.
5. (C/NF) Ambassador Nuland asked that in future the NAC receive operational, intel, and political briefings on Afghanistan each week, rather than on a rotating basis (Norway supported this proposal.) The SYG responded that he would develop a proposal on this request. Ambassador Nuland also requested responses to her previous questions in the NAC regarding the threat to Kabul, an update on Badghis province, and a readout of the operation in Tora Bora, adding a fourth question regarding the status of operations in Musa Qala. She added that there was a need to address Afghanistan more comprehensively, perhaps at one of the PermReps, upcoming Away Days. She also requested a focus on Iranian activities in Afghanistan, saying that she would look at the possibility of bringing a U.S. briefer to the NAC on the topic.
6. (C/NF) Italian PermRep Stefanini reported on the Economic Cooperation Organization meeting in Herat on October 20, which brought together President Karzai with officials of Central Asian and Caucasus nations to discuss commercial projects.
7. (C/NF) Canadian PermRep McRae welcomed the focus on the Comprehensive Strategic Plan and the desire to make it a practical document. Canada wants it to include discussion of Afghanistan,s neighbors. He also noted that Canada is currently hosting in Dubai a workshop for Afghan and Pakistan border officials.
8. (C/NF) Latvian PermRep Eichmanis asked about the state of NATO,s Information Operations strategy, and IMS Director for Intelligence Laino responded that the MC passed the document in March 2007 to NATO HQ, where it remains.
9. (C/NF) Netherlands PermRep Schaper observed that three months ago COMISAF shifted focus from RC-South to RC-East, and asked whether the operational goals of the shift to the East had been achieved. Laino responded that there had been positive results, but there remained a need to help the ANSF with imbedded trainers and improved capabilities.
10 (C/NF) Bulgarian PermRep Ivanov reported that Bulgarian President Parvanov was in Kabul on October 21. During a meeting with Karzai, Karzai commented on the shortage of ANSF vehicles and also criticized the West, Russia, Pakistan, and the Afghan Parliament. Karzai also drew a distinction between good Taliban (which can be reintegrated) and bad Taliban (which must be eliminated).
USNATO 00000587 004 OF 007
11. (C/NF) Belgian PermRep van Daele suggested that the Comprehensive Strategic Plan should clearly distinguish between military and civilian operations. He also noted that counting NATO SCR Everts, UN SRSG Koenigs, and EU Head of Mission Vendrell, there are many civilian representatives in Afghanistan and suggested they needed to be better coordinated. SYG responded that he could inquire into coordination mechanisms on the ground but only the work of the NATO SCR is within NATO,s competence to direct. SYG also reminded PermReps that the NATO SCR will depart his post in December and no nation has yet nominated a successor.
12. (C/NF) Danish PermRep Pousen-Hansen noted that last week the Danish parliament decided to send a tank platoon to reinforce its forces in Helmand, this will bring Danish numbers to 665.
13. (C/NF) The SYG asked the IMS to request from SHAPE information on two reports he read in the press ) one report that several hundred Taliban were massing near Kandahar and another reported thirty Taliban killed in fighting in Farah province where they had taken over a district center. The SYG also noted the need for a uniform approach on investigations into reports of civilian casualties.
14. (C/NF) Norwegian PermRep Traavik asked for an update on ISAF,s counternarcotics activities within the OPLAN.
15. (C/NF) Kosovo -- The CMC reported that there have been no new incidents of violence in Kosovo and that KFOR,s operational tempo remains high. The CMC briefly updated the Council on the Military Committee,s October 18 visit to Kosovo where COMKFOR informed the committee that he continues to update KFOR,s contingency plan and that KFOR remains ready to counter any threat to the safe and secure environment. Finally, CMC provided an update to the Council on the Balkans Joint Area of Operations Reserve Forces saying that COMKFOR is planning on holding a reserve readiness exercise in the November-December timeframe. He also said that Chiefs of Defense will discuss shortening the response time for the strategic reserve force during their November 13-14 meeting. Ambassador Nuland informed the Council that USEUCOM is deploying to Kosovo U.S. Army Europe over-the-horizon reserve forces, a task force of Apache Helicopters and Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicles, as increased deterrence to violence during the upcoming elections. Slovenia provided a readout of its Foreign Minister,s recent visit to Belgrade where he told President Tadic, Prime Minister Kostunica and Foreign Minister Jeremic to be flexible during the ongoing Troika negotiations and not to repeat the same mistakes as in the 1990s when Belgrade
USNATO 00000587 005 OF 007
found itself isolated from Europe and the international community.
16. (C/NF) Bosnia -- ASYG Martin Erdmann updated the NAC on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina since October 19 when the High Representative Lajcak imposed changes to laws regulating the functioning of the Bosnian Parliament and Council of Ministers that sparked a crisis with Republika Srpska (RS) Prime Minister Dodik. He noted the ongoing meeting of the Peace Implementation Council (PIC) where Dodik has expressed a more conciliatory tone, but said that nevertheless the RS continues to agitate against both the Office of the High Representative and his Bonn Powers. The PIC is expected to issue a statement Wednesday. Following the update, Allies (Portugal, Slovakia (in a very long intervention), Norway, U.S., Germany, The Netherlands, Slovenia, and Latvia) expressed both their concern over the developments in Bosnia and support for the Office of the High Representative. They also noted the unhelpful signals coming out of Belgrade that is fueling the crisis, although Norway, Slovakia, and Slovenia linked Belgrade,s behavior to the Kosovo situation and the unsupportive role being played by Moscow. Portugal and Slovakia also noted that the current crisis is directly related by the failure to adequately follow through on police reform which would have led to the signing of the stabilization and accession agreement with the European Union. Portugal informed the Council that Lajcak would be coming to Brussels on November 8 to brief the EU PSC and requested SYG to try and arrange for the High Rep to also brief the NAC -- a request endorsed by Allies. Allies supported the SYG,s intention to issue a statement noting NATO,s concern over Bosnia and support to Lajcak. The SYG informed the Council that he would issue a statement once the PIC has issued its declaration later today and that he would arrange to try and have Lajcak come to the NAC to update the Council on Bosnia.
17. (C/NF) The SYG reported that DASG Jochems and AU Commissioner Djinnit met in Brussels October 22 to discuss NATO,s cooperation with the AU. Djinnit reaffirmed AU,s desire to develop the NATO-AU relationship in an incremental manner. Djinnit said AU would request NATO airlift for operations and NATO support for AU capacity building.
18. (C/NF) NATO is on schedule to complete the full AU airlift into Darfur by December 31, the date for the transition from AMIS to the AU/UN Hybrid mission. The last 10 days has been an intensive period with two Rwandan AU battalions being deployed to Darfur via NATO/USAF C-17 airlift. Canada has confirmed it will provide NATO airlift for 280 Ghanaian Civil Police and the 27-strong Kenyan military police platoon. UK is completing NATO airlift of
USNATO 00000587 006 OF 007
the Nigerian AU battalions.
19. (C/NF) The SYG noted the NTM-I 2007 Periodic Mission Review (PMR) has been released and the PCG will meet on November 9 to consider recommendations for the NAC.
20. (C/NF) Italian PermRep Stefanini reported on the start of the Carabinieri-type training at Camp Dublin on October 27, and detailed the types of training that the Iraqi National Police (NP) would receive, including rule of law, crowd control, weapons, navigational skills, and command and control. He noted that 450 NPs are currently in training and that more will be trained in the future. Stefanini mentioned that the NTM-I Commander, LTG Dubik, visited the training site on October 28 and was very satisfied. The Italian PermRep stressed that the NTM-I training was very important for Iraq and that the Carabinieri training in particular will have a positive impact on the political situation in the country.
21. (C/NF) Ambassador Nuland applauded the Italian efforts, adding that she had recently met with a high-level U.S. delegation just returning from Iraq which informed her that NTM-I was highly appreciated by both MNF-I and Iraqileadership. She also noted the October 29 transfer of Karbala to Provincial Iraqi Control, arguing that it was a demonstration of the progress being made in Iraq.
Response to Terrorism
22. (C/NF) Response to Terrorism: Turkish PermRep Ildem said that Turkish security forces have stepped up their campaign to combat the terrorism coming from Iraq and in the last two weeks, 64 terrorists have been killed and 16 security personnel have lost their life with 17 injured. Ildem further noted that Turkey had been disappointed by the outcome of a meeting in Ankara last week with senior Iraqi officials over continuing terrorism from Northern Iraq, with Ankara believing that the Iraqi proposals would take far too long to implement. Nevertheless, he said that he was still hopeful that diplomatic efforts will result in some progress, adding that the upcoming expanded Iraq Neighbors Group ministerial, which Istanbul is hosting, would be an opportunity for further diplomatic discussions on the issue.
23. (C/NF) Ambassador Nuland expressed solidarity with Turkey, emphasizing that the United States works bilaterally with Ankara to help combat terrorism through various measures including intelligence sharing. She also expressed appreciation for continued Turkish restraint with regard to a
USNATO 00000587 007 OF 007
cross-border operation into northern Iraq. UK Deputy PermRep Kidd noted Prime Minister Brown's full condemnation of the PKK's actions and full support of Turkish restraint in its efforts to address the issue. German PermRep Brandenburg also noted solidarity and concern over the Turkish hostages and their safety. Hefurther said that while he supported Turkey's responses, he hopes that all actions would be in compliance with International Law. The French, Italian, and Spanish Representatives all spoke briefly to note solidarity with Turkey as well. Ildem thanked PermReps for their comments and support, and also thanked the SYG for his public statements.
--- AOB ---
24. (C/NF) Ambassador Nuland noted that at the September 26 NATO-Russia Council meeting, the Russian delegation alleged that Russian bomber flights which have been carried out over U.S., UK, Icelandic, Danish and Baltic air space were similar to the exercises being undertaken by the United States. Drawing on reftel A, the Ambassador strongly refuted the comparison, noting that Russian heavy bomber exercises in the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic were not comparable to U.S. flights, which had been conducted only in support of operation in Afghanistan and Iraq. She also said that these U.S. flights had always followed the notification procedures called for by the START Treaty. Ambassador Nuland said she hopes that if the Russian delegation repeats such comparisons in NATO-Russia Council meetings, Allies will join with the United States in batting them down.
25. (C/NF) Romanian PermRep Ducaru said that Bucharest would be formally requesting NATO early warning and air policing support for the April Summit, to which the SYG responded that the request would certainly be granted as it had in similar circumstances in the past. OLSON